As noted in my previous post, migrating a VM from one SmartOS node to another is pretty straight-forward, and is documented on the SmartOS wiki.

One thing that is not mentioned is that if your VM is based on an image, then that image must already be installed/imported on the target host. If it is not, you will see an error like this:

[root@source ~]# vmadm send 0983fe0f-677e-4f54-b5cf-40184d041b6d | ssh smart01 vmadm receive
Invalid value(s) for: image_uuid

For example, on the source machine:

[root@source ~]# vmadm get 0983fe0f-677e-4f54-b5cf-40184d041b6d | grep image_uuid
      "image_uuid": "5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01",

[root@source ~]# imgadm list uuid=5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01
UUID                                  NAME      VERSION   OS     TYPE  PUB
5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01  centos-7  20140820  linux  zvol  2014-08-20

On the target machine:

[root@target ~]# imgadm list uuid=5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01

[root@target ~]# imgadm import 5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01
Importing 5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01 (centos-7@20140820) from ""
Gather image 5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01 ancestry
Must download and install 1 image (336.9 MiB)
Download 1 image                            [==============================================================================================>] 100% 337.00MB   4.72MB/s  1m11s
Downloaded image 5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01 (336.9 MiB)
zones/5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01  [==============================================================================================>] 100% 337.00MB  25.48MB/s    13s
Imported image 5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01 (centos-7@20140820)

[root@target ~]# imgadm list uuid=5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01
UUID                                  NAME      VERSION   OS     TYPE  PUB
5e164fac-286d-11e4-9cf7-b3f73eefcd01  centos-7  20140820  linux  zvol  2014-08-20

You should now be able to successfully perform the migration.

Set-up public key ssh auth for root user (and disable password auth)

  • put the public key(s) in /usbkey/
  • add the following lines to /usbkey/config

  • edit /usbkey/ssh/sshd_config. making sure that the following items are set:

    # Disallow password authentication
    PasswordAuthentication no
    # Permit root login (which should be already set)
    PermitRootLogin yes

  • reboot the server

Migrating a VM from one SmartOS server to another

This is pretty easy, and documented on the SmartOS wiki (although it's marked as "experimental" and is not documented in the man pages).

One gotcha – if you've already disabled password login as per the previous section, you'll need to create a new key pair on the source SmartOS node and copy the public key into /root/.ssh/authorized_keys on the target SmartOS node.

Assuming you can ssh from the source node to the target node, VM Migration is as easy as running the following command on the source node:

vmadm send $VM_GUID | ssh $target vmadm receive

This command stops the VM on the source node, and sends it to the target node. You will then need to start the machine on the target node and destroy it on the source node (once you're happy it's working in its new home).