Here are two ways to update the firmware on Dell iDRAC6 remote access cards.

Both methods require downloading the BIOS from Dell and extracting it from the bundle. For example, this is the 1.70.21 firmware:

mkdir /tmp/dell
cd /tmp/dell

Grab this and extract like this:

cd /tmp/dell
sh IDRAC6_FRMW_LX_R299265.BIN --extract ./idrac6-1.70.21

The firmware image is now in /tmp/dell/idrac6-1.70.21/payload/firmimg.d6

If you are just updating one machine, then the simplest way to perform the update is to use the Dell bmcfwul tool locally. This is supplied in the dell_ie_nitrogen package, and is installed to /usr/libexec/dell_dup/dell_ie_nitrogen/bmcfwul

Install the new firmware like this:

/usr/libexec/dell_dup/dell_ie_nitrogen/bmcfwul -input=/tmp/dell/idrac6-1.70.21/payload/firmimg.d6

If you have several machines to update, the most convenient way to perform the update is with tftp.

First, copy the firmware image to the tftp server, and put it in /tftproot, or wherever the root of your tftp server is located:

scp /tmp/dell/idrac6-1.70.21/payload/firmimg.d6 $ip_of_tftp_server:/tftproot

Then, trigger a firmware upgrade on the machines remotely using either racadm or ssh:

racadm -r -u root -p calvin fwupdate -g -u -a $ip_of_tftp_server


ssh racadm fwupdate -g -u -a $ip_of_tftp_server

perl hash slices are a way to access several elements of a hash simultaneously using a list of subscripts. It's more convenient than writing out the individual elements as a list of separate scalar values.

I recently needed to create a slice of a hash rather than a hash slice, ie. I wanted to create a hash with a subset of the key/value pairs from another hash.

Here's how I did it:

my %orginal = (foo => 'something', bar => 42, baz => 'king');
my %subset = map {$_ => $original{$_}} qw(foo bar));
# %subset is now: ( foo => 'something',  bar => 42 )